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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 42% Improvement Relative Risk Ventilation 45% ICU admission 41% c19early.com/ex Steenkamp et al. Exercise for COVID-19 Prophylaxis Favors exercise Favors inactivity
Steenkamp, 42,835 patient exercise study: 42% lower mortality [p<0.0001], 45% lower ventilation [p<0.0001], and 41% lower ICU admission [p<0.0001] https://c19p.org/steenkamp
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Small steps, strong shield: directly measured, moderate physical activity in 65 361 adults is associated with significant protective effects from severe COVID-19 outcomes
Steenkamp et al., British Journal of Sports Medicine, doi:10.1136/bjsports-2021-105159
9 Feb 2022    Source   PDF   Share   Tweet
Retrospective 65,361 COVID-19 patients in South Africa, showing significantly lower ICU admission, ventilation, and mortality with exercise.
risk of death, 42.0% lower, RR 0.58, p < 0.001, high activity levels 29,469, low activity levels 13,366, adjusted per study, high activity vs. low activity, poisson regression, multivariable.
risk of mechanical ventilation, 45.0% lower, RR 0.55, p < 0.001, high activity levels 29,469, low activity levels 13,366, adjusted per study, high activity vs. low activity, poisson regression, multivariable.
risk of ICU admission, 41.0% lower, RR 0.59, p < 0.001, high activity levels 29,469, low activity levels 13,366, adjusted per study, high activity vs. low activity, poisson regression, multivariable.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Steenkamp et al., 2/9/2022, retrospective, South Africa, Africa, peer-reviewed, 10 authors, study period 19 March, 2020 - 30 June, 2021.
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