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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality -135% unadjusted Improvement Relative Risk c19early.com/na Ramadhan et al. N-acetylcys.. for COVID-19 LATE Favors N-acetylcysteine Favors control
Ramadhan, 91 patient N-acetylcysteine late treatment study: 135% higher mortality [p=0.68] https://c19p.org/ramadhan
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The Effects of N-Acetylcysteine as Adjuvant Therapy To Reduce TNF-Α Level And Increase SPO2/FIO2 Ratio In Improving Hypoxemia In COVID-19 Patients
Ramadhan et al., Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease, 9:3
27 Dec 2021    Source   PDF   Share   Tweet
Prospective study with 75 NAC patients and 16 control patients, showing no significant difference in mortality.
risk of death, 134.7% higher, RR 2.35, p = 0.68, treatment 11 of 75 (14.7%), control 1 of 16 (6.2%), unadjusted.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: excessive unadjusted differences between groups.
Ramadhan et al., 27 Dec 2021, prospective, Indonesia, peer-reviewed, 6 authors, study period June 2020 - July 2021.
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Late treatment
is less effective
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