Lactoferrin for COVID-19
Lactoferrin has been reported as potentially beneficial for early treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Ostrov et al., Highly Specific Sigma Receptor Ligands Exhibit Anti-Viral Properties in SARS-CoV-2 Infected Cells, Pathogens, doi:10.3390/pathogens10111514
Wang et al., Lactoferrin for the treatment of COVID‑19 (Review), Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, doi:10.3892/etm.2020.9402
Zimecki et al., The potential for Lactoferrin to reduce SARS-CoV-2 induced cytokine storm, International Immunopharmacology, doi:10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107571
van der Strate et al., Antiviral activities of lactoferrin, Antiviral Research, doi:10.1016/S0166-3542(01)00195-4
Wakabayashi et al., Lactoferrin for prevention of common viral infections, Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy, doi:10.1016/j.jiac.2014.08.003
Mattar et al., Natural resources to control COVID-19: could lactoferrin amend SARS-CoV-2 infectivity?, PeerJ, doi:10.7717/peerj.11303
Campione et al., Lactoferrin Against SARS-CoV-2: In Vitro and In Silico Evidences, Frontiers in Pharmacology, doi:10.3389/fphar.2021.666600
Salaris et al., Protective Effects of Lactoferrin against SARS-CoV-2 Infection In Vitro, Nutrients, doi:10.3390/nu13020328
Algahtani et al., The Prospect of Lactoferrin Use as Adjunctive Agent in Management of SARS-CoV-2 Patients: A Randomized Pilot Study, Medicina, doi:10.3390/medicina57080842
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are both valuable and complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used. Elimination of COVID-19 is a race against viral evolution. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. Denying the efficacy of any method increases mortality, morbidity, collateral damage, and the risk of endemic status. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. WCH and FLCCC provide treatment protocols.
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